What is Piriformis Syndrome?

Piriformis Syndrome can be described as a medical condition in which the patient experience buttock pain triggered by the spasm of the piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle can also irritate the sciatic nerve due to which the back of the leg starts experiencing pain. The precise causes of the Piriformis Syndrome are unidentified; however, some of the suspected causes are explained as follows:

Causes of Piriformis Syndrome

Spasm of the piriformis muscle or irritation in the nearby nerves or structure considers being the cause of piriformis syndrome.
Due to injury, the muscle tightens which cause pain in the buttock.
With the injury, the piriformis muscle becomes swell.
The injury of the piriformis muscle can also lead to bleeding of the piriformis muscle.
The above-discussed scenarios can become the main reason for the piriformis syndrome because all the above scenarios affect the piriformis muscle.

Symptoms of Piriformis Syndrome

The most common symptom from piriformis syndrome that the patients experienced is the severe tenderness in the buttock along with the sciatica pain on the thigh, calf, and also foot. However, piriformis syndrome might include the following:
Pain when climbing the stairs or hills
Dull pain in the buttock
Enhanced pain after sitting too long
Condensed range of gesture of the hip joint

Diagnosis of Piriformis Syndrome

When you visit your doctor regarding the piriformis syndrome that you are experiencing, then your doctor will first check out your medical history. Then your doctor will also do a physical test to figure out the cause of your symptoms.
The physical test usually included a test of the legs and hip to check if the movement could cause enlarged back pain or lower limit pain (also known as sciatica pain).
Next, your doctor might also suggest some diagnostic tests such as MRI to eliminate some conditions that able to trigger the same symptoms as piriformis syndrome.